art & sport

Poem: Persian literature is considered to be one of the great literatures of mankind. Some of the renowned Persian poets are listed below. Rudaki , Ferdowsi , Attar , Sa’di , Hafez .

Hand-knotted Persian silk/wool rug: Carpet-weaving is one of the  most distinguished manifestations of Persian culture and art, and dates back to ancient Persia (e.g. 2500-year-old Pazyryk carpet).





Blue tile work: The color “Persian blue” is named after the blue color of tiles used on mosques and palaces in Iran. The best known blue tile work masterpiece in Iran is the Shah Mosque in Isfahan, dating back to the Safavid dynasty (17th century).







                                                                          Miniature: The ancient Persian miniature dates back to the 3rd century when Mani (a professional artist) made considerable use of images in his sacred book.  Since then, illustrated books have represented a major art form in Iran.

Famous Persian miniature artists include Behzad (15th century) and Abbasi (17th century). One of the most famous illustrated books is the Shahnameh commissioned by the Safavid Shah Ismail for his son Shah Tahmasp (16th centrury), which has a collection of 250 miniatures.



Wrestling (both Freestyle and Greco-Roman) is regarded as Iran’s national sport. An early version of wrestling in Iran was called “Varzesh-e Bastani” (Persian for ancient sport). The athlete with the highest rank in this sport was called Pahlavan.







Some of the renowned Pahlavans are Rostam, the legendary hero of Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh, Babak Khorramdin (8th century), Mahmoud Khwarazmi more commonly known as Pourya-ye Vali (13th century), and Gholamreza Takhti (Olympic medalist in 1952, 1956, and 1960).Weight lifting is a popular sport in Iran. There are several Iranian world and Olympic champions .