Atash Behram

The Yazd Atash Behram, also known as Yazd Atash Kadeh, is a temple in Yazd, . It was built in 1934 and enshrines the Atash Bahram, meaning “Victorious Fire”, dated to 470 AD. It is one of the nine Atash Behrams, the only one of the highest grade fire in Iran where Zoroastrians have practiced their religion since 400 BC; the other eight Atash Behrams are in India.

The highest grade of fire temples were first constructed in the Sasanian Empire for the reverence of fire, which is the manifestation of Ahura Mazda in the Zoroastrian religion.

The building was built under the supervision of Jamshid Amanat on a piece of land donated by the Amanat brothers, and funded by various sources, HistoricalIran reported.

The main building of fire temple sits in the middle of a large garden and is surrounded by pine, cedar and cypress trees.The Farvahar above the main entrance of the temple and the adorned stone columns magnify the venue’s glory.

Designs on the columns, walls and Farvahar are the work of craftsmen from Isfahan who completed the work in their hometown and then transported the finished stones to Yazd.A pool lies ahead of the entrance. The overall structure is heavily influenced by Parsi fire temples in India.

The plaque at the entrance of reads: “This Zoroastrians’ temple was built in 1934 in a site belonged to the Association of the parsi Zoroastrians of India under the supervision of Jamshid Amanat.

“The sacred flame, behind a glass case and visible from the entrance hall, has apparently been burning since about 470 CE and was transferred from Nahid Pars Temple to Ardakan (Yazd province), then to Yazd (city) and to its present site.” The fire is inside a bronze vessel and visible only from behind a glass wall. Only priests attached to the fire temple may enter the innermost sanctum. There are no lights in the inner sanctum other than that of the fire itself.

Zoroastrians observe certain entry rules not required of other visitors.In addition to observing cleanliness, Zoroastrians enter barefoot and wear white or light-colored clothing. Men wear white caps and women sport white scarves .

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