The property includes nine gardens in as many provinces. They exemplify the diversity of Persian garden designs that evolved and adapted to different climate conditions while retaining principles that have their roots in the times of Cyrus the Great, 6th century BC. Always divided into four sectors, with water playing an important role for both irrigation and ornamentation, the Persian garden was conceived to symbolize Eden and the four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water and plants.
Natural elements combine with manmade components in the Persian Garden to create a unique artistic achievement that reflects the ideals of art, philosophical, symbolic and religious concepts. The Persian Garden materialises the concept of Eden or Paradise on Earth.
The perfect design of the Persian Garden, along with its ability to respond to extreme climatic conditions, is the original result of an inspired and intelligent application of different fields of knowledge, i.e. technology, water management and engineering, architecture, botany and agriculture. The notion of the Persian Garden permeates Iranian life and its artistic expressions: references to the garden may be found in literature, poetry, music, calligraphy and carpet design.The Persian Garden was inscribed on the world heritage list of UNESCO in 2012 .
Collection of Persian gardens :
Pasargadae Garden in Fars
Eram Garden in Fars
Chehel sotoon Garden in Isfahan
Fin Garden in Kashan
Abbas Abad Garden in Mazandaran
Shazdeh Garden in Kerman
Dowlatabad Garden in Yazd
Pahlavanpour Garden in Yazd
Akbarieh Garden in Birjand