Isfahan is the jewel of ancient cities and is located in the center of Iran in a semi-desert region near the Zayandeh Rud River, about 340 km south of Tehran. Due to the beautiful Islamic architecture and many beautiful boulevards, indoor bridges, beautiful tunnels, palaces, mosques and unique minarets; it was named “Nesf-e-Jahan”; meaning “Half the World”. This city is the greatest physical legacy of Shah Abbas, a capital which he transformed into one of the most splendid monumental cities in the Islamic world.
The climate of Isfahan is moderate and dry, which has led to a low amount of rainfall and snow. Six of its’ historical monuments have been recorded as historical heritage in UNESCO. It is considered as a popular tourist destination and a major cultural and economic center of Iran. The magnificence of Isfahan’s historical monument attracts the viewer so much that even for a citizen who has lived with these fantastic works for many years; its’s still surprising and mysterious.
With its old history and numerous monuments, Isfahan is an exemplary city in the world. The historical monuments comprise a collection of the finest examples of various styles of Persian architecture developed throughout a period of thousand years and more. The quality and quantity of these works of art are great and they are masterpieces of the post-Islamic Iranian architecture. Among the historical attractions, various types of domes, tile works, plaster works, frescos wall paintings and calligraphies can be named. They reveal the religious beliefs of their creators, fascinate the visitors so greatly that they feel as though they have been taken back to the ages of the artists and find themselves in a world replete with light and elegance.
In other words, the most stunning, historical, architectural and artistic landscapes of Iran, belong to this majestic city. Imam Square (Naqsh-e Jahan), Jame Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Friday (Al-Jum’a) Mosque, Ali Qapu, The Chehel Sutun (Forty Columns) Palace, Hasht Behesht Palace, Chahar Bagh School and boulevard, Si-o-se Pol, Khaju Bridge (Shahi Bridge), Vank Cathedral, Manar Jonban (the swinging minaret), Atashgah (Fire Temple), and Old Qaisarieh Bazaar and…. Are some of the spots that no tourist wants to miss.
Isfahan is called the city of Iranian handicraft and traditional arts. These works of art comprise a major portion of Iran’s exports, particularly to Europe. The contemporary traditional arts and handicrafts of Isfahan are in fact a continuance of the Safavid Art pursued by the modern Iran craftsmen. Carpet weaving, engraving, miniature painting, Moarragh, tile art, brocade, calico work and enamelwork are among the most prominent works of art in Isfahan. In the delightful sightseeing, you can also enjoy the traditional dishes such as Baryani, and khoreshte Mast. Also enjoy buying souvenir for loved ones; Gaz and Polaki are the most significant souvenirs in Isfahan.