Hamedan province is recognized as the capital of Iranian history and civilization and is one of the western and mountainous cities of Iran, located on the slopes of Mount Alvand, 300 miles and 62 kilometers southwest of Tehran, at an altitude of 1800 meters above sea level. It is one of the historical, cultural and tourism cities of Iran and it has always been well known for handicrafts like leather, ceramic, and carpets.
Hamedan province has cold, overcast winters and temperate summers. It benefits from the fountain of rivers, the most important of which is the Gamasiab River; one of the highest rivers in the country. Since Hamedan is a city of science and faith and is known as “Dar-ol-Momenin”, it has great scholars, including scientists like Avicenna, and poets such as Baba Taher. The main symbols of this city are the Ganj Nameh; the ancient inscription, and the Avicenna and Baba Taher monuments.
The historic and attractive city of Hamedan has a history dating back to over 3,000 years, and Herodotus, the famous Greek historian, attributes the city to Deioces (di-akou), the first king of the median government.
At that time, Hamedan was chosen as the capital of the country and was called Hegmataneh meaning “community center” and then Ekbatan. In 550 BC The city was captured by Achaemenid king Cyrus, and during the Achaemenid era, Alexander, Parthians and Sassanids used Hamedan as their summer resort.
With all kinds of religious, natural and historical attractions, Hamedan attracts different groups of people with all kinds of tastes. Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization lists 207 sites of historical and cultural significance in the city of Hamadan alone and some of the most important and most exciting attraction are; the Aliasdar Cave, the world’s longest water cave, the Ganj Name tourist resort, a compilation of history pristine nature, the Ekbatan Lake and Dam Complex, the Tomb of Baba Taher, Avicenna Mausoleum, Ecbatana (Hegmataneh Hills), Tomb of Hayaquq the Prophet, Mishan Plain, Alavian Dome, Hamedan Traditional Bazaar, Qorban Historical Tower, Hamam-e Qal’eh Museum of Anthropology, and Hamedan Museum of Natural History.
The provinces’ major cities are Hamedan, Malayer, Nahavand, Tuyserkan, Kabudarah, Asadabad, Bahar, Samen, Sarakan, Ghorveh in Jazin, Laljin and Merianj.