Tabriz is the most populated city in Iranian Azerbaijan. It is one of the historical capitals of Iran and the present capital of East Azerbaijan province. It is Located in the Quru River valley, between long ridges of volcanic cones in the Sahand and Eynali mountains. The valley opens up into a plain that gently slopes down to the eastern shores of Lake Urmia, 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the west. it is considered one of the most important industrial cities of the country. In the past, the city was considered a commercial center in the province.
With cold winters and temperate summers, Tabriz is weighed a summer resort. This city also became the 2nd most popular touristic destination and is known as “The city with no beggars”. Tabriz was named World Carpet Weaving City by the World Crafts Council in October 2015 and Exemplary Tourist City of 2018 by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
Tabriz is the largest economic hub and metropolitan area in Northwest Iran. The population is overwhelmingly Azerbaijani, though Persian is spoken by residents as a second language. The city is famous for its handicrafts, including traditional carvings, pottery, hand-woven rugs and jewelry. Its’ local confectionary such as Baslogh, Nogha, and Yokha, its’ traditional Tabrizi food like Koofteh, its’ dairy such as the Tabrizi special cheese, its’ chocolates and the dried nuts are recognized throughout Iran as some of the best. The sweets, as well as the food, the dairy, the leather products and the handmade shoes which has long been reputed for its elegance, the hand-woven Tabrizi carpets which are famous for its unique design and color could all be considered as incredible souvenirs for family and friends.
Tabriz contains many historical monuments, representing Iran’s architectural transition throughout its deep history; such as the Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex, The Blue Mosque, Arg of Tabriz, St Stephanos Cathedral, St. Mary Church, the Mausoleum of Shahriar, the Hose of Constitution, the El Goli Park, Kandovan and The Jameh Mosque. Most of Tabriz’s preserved historical sites belong to Ilkhanid, Safavid and Qajar.