Urmia is the largest city and the center of West Azerbaijan province of Iran. Urmia is located along the Shahar Chay river (City River) on the Urmia Plain. Lake Urmia, one of the world’s largest salt lakes, lies to the east of the city and the mountainous Turkish border area lies to the west. With more than three thousand years of history, it is considered the most ancient, remaining city in the northwest of Iran.
The city’s inhabitants are predominantly Azerbaijanis, with minorities of Kurds, Armenians and Assyrians. The majority of people are followers of Shia Islam but it is also home to followers of Sunni Islam, the Bahá’í Faith, Judaism and different kinds of Yazdanism, whose adherents are Kurds.
This city is a local area for purchase and sale of agricultural and nomadic products. Their main agricultural products which are known as the best of the country, are grapes, apples and tobaccos. Like all Iranian cities, Urmia has its own special traditional food too, one of which is “khoresh Urmia”. This food is so well-known among the residents that they named it after the city. Today, the most famous souvenirs offered are the delicious Walnut Halva, Noghl (a kind of sweets), and Distillates.
This city is full of spectacular touristic attractions that is a must-see for every tourist. Like the Lake Urmia, where many parks and touristic coastal villages lies in its’ shores; such as the oldest park in Urmia, called Park-e Saat, which was established in the first Pahlavi’s era. Urmia’s largest park, the Ellar Bagi Park (People’s Garden) along the Shahar Chayi, or the “City River”. Urmia Bazaar, which represents the taste of the Safavid architecture, the Momma Marys’ Church, which is one of the oldest in the world. Kazem Dashi Castle, which is a reminisce of the world war one located in lake Urmia. Urmia Museum, Tear Island, Urmia Jame Mosque, Marmisho Lake, and the Soule Waterfall.
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