Yazd is one of the oldest cities of Iran . it is the capital of Yazd Province, Iran. Yazd is located midway between Isfahan and Kerman, 689 km (427 miles) south east of Tehran. Yazd has a history of over 5,000 years, dating back to the time of the Median Empire, when it was known as “Ysatis” (or “Issatis”). The present city name, however, is derived from Yazdegerd I, a Sassanid ruler of Persia. The people living in Yazd province are of Iranian origin and Aryan race. They speak Persian with a Yazdi accent. The people of Yazd are mostly Shiite Muslims while Jewish, Zoroastrian and Christian minorities coexist peacefully in the province. Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd has a unique Persian architecture. It is nicknamed the city of wind catchers (Shahr-e Badgirha) because of its ancient Persian wind catchers. It is also very well known for its Zoroastrian fire temples, Ab anbars, Qantas(underground water supply system) , yakhchals, Persian handicrafts, Termeh (Iranian handwoven cloth), silk weaving, and its high quality Yazdi confectionery.
Many Iranians and foreign tourists like to visit Yazd to view the architecture typically found in desert areas, DestinationIran reported. a trip to Yazd will make you familiar with life in desert towns and how people cope with it. The water reservoirs, ice houses, wind-towers and pigeon towers make the visit to Yazd worthwhile, as tourists explore the uniqueness of this ancient city. The city is hot and dry in summer due to its location, which is between the two main deserts of Dasht-e Kavir and the Kavir-e Lut.